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Advisory

FIN-2013-A006
Issued: September 17, 2013
Subject:   Advisory on the FATF-Identified Jurisdictions with AML/CFT Deficiencies

On June 21, 2013, the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) updated its lists of jurisdictions with strategic AML/CFT deficiencies. These changes may affect U.S. financial institutions’ obligations and risk-based approaches with respect to relevant jurisdictions.

As part of the FATF’s listing and monitoring process to ensure compliance with the international Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorist Financing (AML/CFT) standards, the FATF identified certain jurisdictions as having strategic deficiencies in their AML/CFT regimes.1 The FATF updated its lists of jurisdictions that appear in two documents:2 (I) jurisdictions that are subject to the FATF’s call for countermeasures or are subject to Enhanced Due Diligence (EDD) due to their AML/CFT deficiencies (referred to as the ‘ FATF Public Statement’) and (II) jurisdictions identified by the FATF to have AML/CFT deficiencies (referred to by the FATF as ‘Improving Global AML/CFT Compliance: On-going Process’). Financial institutions should consider these changes when reviewing their obligations and risk-based approaches with respect to the jurisdictions noted below.

I. Jurisdictions that are subject to the FATF’s call for countermeasures or are subject to EDD due to their AML/CFT deficiencies

The FATF has indicated that the following jurisdictions have deficiencies in the their AML/CFT regimes and that they are (A) subject to the FATF’s call for countermeasures or (B) subject to the FATF’s call to consider the risk arising from each jurisdiction because they have not made sufficient progress in addressing their AML/CFT deficiencies. FinCEN is advising U.S. financial institutions to apply enhanced due diligence for countries in category (B) (for additional details, see the FinCEN Guidance section below). Accordingly, all these jurisdictions are included in the FATF Public Statement.

Please click on each jurisdiction for additional information.

A. Countermeasures:

Iran and Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK).

B. Enhanced Due Diligence:

Ecuador, Ethiopia, Indonesia, Kenya, Myanmar, Pakistan, São Tomé and Príncipe, Syria, Tanzania, Turkey, Vietnam and Yemen

Summary of Changes to this List

Nigeria is now recognized as having made significant progress to address its FATFidentified AML/CFT regime deficiencies (see below). Consequently, the FATF has now included Nigeria in its Improving Global AML/CFT Compliance: On-going Process document (see below).

II. Jurisdictions identified by the FATF to have AML/CFT deficiencies

The FATF has identified the following jurisdictions as having deficiencies in their AML/CFT regimes for which they have developed an action plan with the FATF. Consequently, these jurisdictions are included in the following list of jurisdictions with AML/CFT deficiencies (as described in the FATF’s Improving Global AML/CFT Compliance: On-going Process document).

Please click on each jurisdiction for additional information.

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Cuba, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao PDR, Mongolia, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Sudan, Tajikistan, and Zimbabwe.

Additionally, on June 21, 2013, the FATF acknowledged the following jurisdictions for their significant progress warranting removal from the FATF listing and monitoring process. These jurisdictions will work with their respective FATF-Style Regional Bodies as they continue to address the full range of AML/CFT issues identified as part of the mutual evaluation process.

Bolivia, Brunei Darussalam, Philippines, Sri Lanka and Thailand.

Summary of Changes to this List

FinCEN Guidance regarding jurisdictions listed in Section I of this Advisory

Jurisdictions Subject to Countermeasures

Jurisdictions in this section (IranIran and DPRK) are subject to the FATF’s call on its members and other countries to apply countermeasures to protect the interna tional financial system from AML/CFT risks. U.S. financial institutions should continue to c onsult existing FinCEN and U.S. Department of the Treasury (Treasury) guidance on engaging in fi nancial transactions with Iran and DPRK. Previous FinCEN advisories and guidance on Iran3 and DPRK4 remain in effect.

With respect to Iran, U.S. financial institutions are subject to a broad range of restrictions and prohibitions due to a number of illicit financing risks, inc luding money laundering, terrorist financing, and weapons of mass destruction (WMDs) proliferation financing. Financial institutions are reminded of the existing U.S. sancti ons that are administered by the Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC), including but not limited to Iranian Government-owned banks and other entities, as well as Iranian entities that have been linked to terrorist activity and the proliferation of WMDs. Information about these sanctions is available on OFAC’s website www.treasury.gov/offices/enforcement/ofac/. Furthermore, on November 21, 2011, Treasury identified Iran as a jurisdiction of "primary money laundering concern" under Section 311 of the USA P ATRIOT Act.5

In addition, financial institutions should be familiar with the financial provisions and prohibitions contained in United Nations Security Council Resol utions (UNSCRs) against Iran6 and DPRK.7 In particular, UNSCRs 1929 and 1803 call on all states to exe rcise vigilance over activities of financial institutions in their territories wit h all banks domiciled in Iran and their branches and subsidiaries abroad.

Existing U.S. sanctions - in particular, those under the North Korea Sanctions Regulations8 and Executive Orders 13570 and 13551 - create a legal framework that limits U.S. financial institutions’ direct exposure to the types of North Korean finan cial or commercial transactions contributing to DPRK’s proliferation activities that are the fo cus of UNSCRs 2087 and 2094, as well as UNSCRs 1718 and 1874.

In June 2013, the FATF issued updated guidance to assist States in implementing the ir financial obligations for targeted financial sanctions and activi ty-based prohibitions pursuant to UNSCRs to address proliferation finance risks associated with Iran and DPRK.9

B. Jurisdictions Subject to Enhanced Due Diligence

Jurisdictions in this section (see below) have strategic AML/CFT deficiencies and have not made sufficient progress in addressing the deficiencies. In concurrence with the FATF’s decision, FinCEN is advising U.S. financial institutions of their increased obligations under Section 312 of the USA PATRIOT ACT, 31 USC § 5318(i). Accordingly, U.S. financial institutions should apply enhanced due diligence, as described under implementing regulations 31 CFR § 1010.610(b) and (c) when maintaining correspondent accounts for foreign banks operating under a banking license issued by Ecuador, Ethiopia, Indonesia, Kenya, Myanmar, Pakistan, São Tomé and Príncipe, Syria,10 Tanzania, Turkey, Vietnam and Yemen

As required by the regulations implementing the Bank Secrecy Act (BSA),11 covered financial institutions should ensure that their enhanced due diligence programs include, at a minimum, steps to:

FinCEN Guidance regarding jurisdictions listed in Section II of this Advisory


U.S. financial institutions should consider the risks associated with the AML/CFT deficiencies of the countries identified under this section (Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Cuba, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao PDR, Mongolia, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Sudan, Tajikistan, and Zimbabwe). With respect to these jurisdictions, U.S. financial institutions are reminded of their obligations to comply with the general due diligence obligation s under 31 CFR § 1010.610(a). As required under 31 CFR § 1010.610(a), cov ered financial institutions should ensure that their due diligence programs, which address correspondent accounts maintained for foreign financial institutions, include appropriate, specific, risk-based, and, where necessary, enhanced policies, procedures, and controls that are reasonably designed to detect and report known or suspected money laundering activity conducted through or involving any correspondent account established, maintained, administered, or managed in the United States.

If a financial institution knows, suspects, or has reason to sus pect that a transaction involves funds derived from illegal activity or that a customer has otherwise engaged in activities indicative of money laundering, terrorist financing, or other violation o f federal law or regulation, the financial institution shall then file a Suspiciou s Activity Report.12

Additional questions or comments regarding the contents of this Advisory should be addressed to the FinCEN Regulatory Helpline at 800-949-2732. Financial institutions wanting to report suspicious transactions that may relate to terrorist activity should call the Financial Institutions Toll-Free Hotline at (866) 556-3974 (7 days a week, 24 hours a day). The purpose of the hotline is to expedite the delivery of this information to law enforcement. Financial institutions should immediately report any imminent threat to local-area law enforcement officials.


1The FATF (www.fatf-gafi.org) is a 36-member intergovernmental policy making body that establishes international standards to combat money laundering and counter the financing of terrorism and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. The U.S. is a member of the FATF.
2The FATF public identification of countries with strategic AML/CFT deficiencies is in response to the G-20 leaders’ call for the FATF to reinvigorate its process for assessing countries’ compliance with international AML/CFT standards. The G-20 leaders have consistently called for the FATF to issue regular updates on jurisdictions with strategic deficiencies. Specifically within the FATF, the International Cooperation Review Group (ICRG) is tasked with leading the process to identify and monitor countries with AML/CFT deficiencies. For more information on the ICRG procedures, please visit the FATF’s website – www.fatf-gafi.org/topics/high-riskandnon-
3FinCEN Advisories concerning Iran: FIN-2010-A010, FIN-2010-A008, FIN-2010-A002, FIN-2009-A007, FIN-2008-A002, and FIN-2007-A001.
4FinCEN Advisories pertaining to DPRK: FIN-2013-A005, FIN-2009-A002, and FinCEN Advisory – Issue 40.
576 FR 72756 (Nov. 25, 2011). See FinCEN, Finding that the Islamic Republic of Iran is a Jurisdiction of Primary Money Laundering Concern.
6UNSCRs 1929 (June 2010), 1803 (March 2008), 1747 (March 2007), and 1737 (December 2006). See www.un.org/en/documents/ for more information.
7UNSCRs 2094 (March 2013), 2087 (January 2013), 1874 (June 2009), and 1718 (October 2006). See www.un.org/en/documents/ for more information
831 CFR part 510.
9See www.fatf-gafi.org/topics/fatfrecommendations/documents/unscr-proliferation-wmd.html for further information.
10Previous FinCEN guidance on Syria remains in effect. This includes FIN-2012-A002 and FIN-2011-A010. Also, FinCEN’s guidance on the Commercial Bank of Syria remains in effect; see FIN-2011-A013.
1131 CFR § 1010.610(b): Enhanced Due Diligence for correspondent accounts established, maintained, administered or managed in the U.S. for foreign banks.
12Required under 31 CFR § 1020.320, 1021.320, 1022.320, 1023.320, 1024.320, 1025.320, and 1026.320




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